The imperative to drive economic growth has traditionally been central to our national interest debate. However, Indigenous Australia has largely been excluded from these discussions. Instead, the discussions tend to revolve around what could be ‘fixed’ for Indigenous Australia. Thankfully, this is changing. A generation of Indigenous leaders has argued passive welfare is destructive to dignity, and that long term economic empowerment must be built through employment and entrepreneurial activity. This publication is about contributing to this momentum. It is not a blueprint or a grand plan. It is not about what government or business can do ‘for’ Indigenous Australia. This publication brings together prominent Indigenous leaders and combines them with some KPMG specialists to provide tangible recommendations focused on economic development, and explanations for why they are important.